Tim Tirrell, PhD, MERLOT
Educational Technology Organization of Michigan (ETOM) Higgins Lake Retreat
There are a variety of “Open” Doors
- Open Educational Resources (OER)
- OpenCourseWare (e.g. MITOpenCourseware)
- Open Textbooks
Roadblocks to using Open Educational Resources (from the ITC 2012 Survey)
- Longevity – will it be around for a while?
- Resources are too time consuming to find
- Concerns about Quality
- Importing is too Complex
- Faculty are unaware (This is the #1 resource.)
The ETOM group identified concerns about quality and too time-consuming to find as their top reasons for not using OER.
- 118 million tablets in 2012
- Over 180 million in 2013
The ETOM group voted that the top reason for using OER is the changing demographic of students.
- There are over 2,000 free online textbooks
- What textbooks are already available in our college library?
- What about using faculty-authored materials?
Nationally, 7 of 10 students report not buying at least 1 required textbook because of the cost.
79% of all students say they would do “worse/much worse” in their course without their own text.
*Free Resource: padlet.com – http://padlet.com/wall/merlot2013
What is an OER?
- Open Educational Resource on Wikipedia
- UNESCO coined OER in 2002
- OECD: (2007) Digitized materials offered freely & openly for educators, students and self-learners.
- Access is free – no cost!
- “Liberally Licensed” – free from restrictions
- Open File Formats
- Open Licensing
- Open Source Software
- Metadata Standards
Be careful! Just because its free, does not mean its OER!
OER Organizations/Resources (http://bit.ly/OER610):
- OER Commons (24K materials)
- MIT Open Courseware
- Orange Grove
Exercise: Find a resource from the list on bit.ly – I searched for Instructional Design and found this Curriculum Design and Educational Technology course on Connexions.
Creative Commons Licensing – “Some rights reserved” – see the licenses page on the creative commons wiki.
Issues and Challenges to using OER:
- Quality Assurance
- Technical Standards
- Evidence of learning effectiveness
Curious about accessibility in all of this? Visit the OER-Access webpage.
Links for more information: